Big costs of gender gap in sub-Saharan Africa

first_imgAfrican girls are better educated than a generation ago. Women are taking more leadership roles and building successful business careers. However, a new United Nations report says gender inequality on the continent costs it $95-billion a year. African women earn, on average, 30% less than African men. (Image: Universal Giving) Sulaiman PhilipGender inequality costs sub-Saharan economies $95-billion (about R1.4-trillion) a year, according to a newly released study by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).That Africa loses 6% of continental gross domestic product is blamed on governmental failure to put into effect legal protections and break down harmful social norms. Failing to act means a large percentage of African women are locked out of opportunities to participate in the economic, social and political life of their countries.The report was released this weekend on the sidelines of the Tokyo International Conference of African Development in Nairobi, Kenya. UNDP administrator Helen Clark pointed out that a 1% increase in gender inequality reduced a country’s Human Development Index score by a similar amount. “If gender gaps can be closed in labour markets, education, health and other areas, then poverty and hunger eradication can be achieved,” she said. “Achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment is the right thing to do, and is a development imperative.”The Human Development Index (HDI) measures a nation’s achievement in key human development areas – access to education and medical treatment, quality of life and standard of living. African girls score high in access to primary education, but fail to access higher education or opportunities to join the labour market. The average for women in Africa is also lowered because of the continent’s still unacceptably high maternal mortality rate.Professional workProfessionally, African women fare even worse. A total of 61% of all African women work outside the home but their jobs are poorly paid and their efforts go unappreciated. Despite holding the majority of positions in the non-agricultural sector – 66% – women earn 70 cents for each dollar earned by a man. Across Africa there are, at most, just 30% of firms with a female manager.By not addressing the social norms that limit opportunity for women, Africa has no hope of attaining the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals or achieving its own Africa Agenda 2063 ambitions. UNDP Africa director Abdoulaye Mar says that the African Union’s lofty goals of equality are hamstrung by social norms.African girls spend less time in education, are paid less for their labour and spend 40 billion hours a year collecting water. They have limited access to economic and financial assets and are less likely to have bank accounts. “Closing the gender gap would not only set Africa on a double-digit economic growth track, but would also significantly contribute to meeting its development goals.”Africa is moving beyond the era of legislation and non-discrimination laws and quotas ensuring women’s participation. The African narrative remains to an extent, that girls don’t have the same opportunities as boys to get a decent education, that women are shut out of jobs and assets to uplift themselves and their families.Despite almost universal access to primary education, African girls are empowered more than they were but only to a certain age and stage in their lives – until they get married. (Image: Brand South Africa)Fundamental changeFor most people outside the continent, Africa is still a place where women have too many children and thousands die in childbirth because they have no access to basic health care. In parts of Africa this remains true, but Africa holds many secrets. Closer study shows that African women have also made important progress.There is World Bank research that suggests a deeper reading of the statistics tell a different story. The international financial institution says that the lives of African women have fundamentally changed over the last decade.Since 1990, enrolment of girls in primary school has come close to matching boys and the number of women dying in childbirth has halved. In work and politics Africa leads the world in female representation. The ratio of women to men in formal employment is greater than the rest of the world and the number of women in continental parliaments has doubled. Rwanda and Senegal have the highest proportion of women in government and in Cape Verde parity at cabinet level was achieved more than a decade ago. Africa’s women and girls are its greatest untapped resource. It is they who will build the solid foundation of African prosperity. (Image: Brand South Africa)Social growthSocial attitudes are also changing in Africa. As more people become aware of gender bias, it is becoming less prevalent. Over the last decade, fewer women are reporting sexism and sexual harassment at work.Fewer people believe it’s better for a woman to look after the home while a man goes out to work. The number of people, of both genders, who believe that children are hurt if they are raised by working mothers has also decreased over the last decade.  More men are saying that work does interfere with home life, actively seeking employment with companies that offer paternity leave and flexible work hours.In business the tide is turning as well. A recent poll found that younger employees believe women make better managers. In 2006, one in two women believed that an equally qualified woman would be passed over for a promotion because of gender. By 2014, it was a belief shared by four out of every five. And more women are now also earning more than their husbands.Empowerment and equalityTo go forward, the UNDP report maps out four routes to empowerment and equality:Adopting legal reforms;Building national capacity to accelerate women’s involvement in decision-making;Adopting multisectoral approaches in promoting gender equality; and,Accelerating female ownership of assets and management resources.Co-operation and cross border collaboration between nations will boost the social changes that are improving the lives of African women. In the opinion of the UNDP researchers, two initiatives will speed up equality and empowerment. They propose the establishment of an African Women’s Investment Bank and the awarding of Gender Seal certification for businesses that promote gender equality.Africa’s economy is booming. Banking, retail and telecommunications are driving growth. Large-scale construction projects are improving the continent’s infrastructure and making it easier for Africa to trade with Africa.Growth is changing the continent’s landscape by strengthening its economy. Development is narrowing income gaps between citizens and nations and boosting continent-wide economic integration. And strong working economies disproportionately benefit women.Africa is changing. It is moving beyond seeing gender equality as a token in development policy. As Africa changes, it is taking a leadership position in the conversation about gender. As the prospects of African girls and women improve, the continent gets to lead by example. As more African women realise the freedom to choose their own future, the more they become the champions of and the great hope for women across the world.last_img read more

After Effects Video Tutorial: Karaoke Text

first_imgCreate a Karaoke text effect that highlights words in sync with your voice.In this Premiumbeat exclusive video tutorial you’ll learn how to produce a karaoke effect in After Effects. Whether you’re actually doing a karaoke video or are simply mocking one up as a parody, check out the AE tutorial to recreate the look of ‘traditional’ karaoke music displays.The overall technique is pretty straightforward but I’ll explain a few audio tips and tricks that aren’t easy to figure out on your own. The video covers:How audio interacts with video controlled by framesUnderstanding audio layersThe proper way to playback audioWhat fonts are easy to readMastering audio in After Effects is a key skill that motion graphic designers need to have, as sound can be a crucial element in enhancing your digital effects.Don’t want to watch the video? Follow along with the step-by-step tutorial below. Click any image for larger view.  7Set keyframes, Animating a mask reveal from left to right. 3Create some new text to coincide with your first statement. 1Create a new composition and add in a bright blue background. 10Set a mask keyframe to wipe the text off. If you have any questions regarding this tutorial, or if you have any quick tips for using expressions in After Effects, please comment below! 8Duplicate the text layer, take out the strokes and add a yellow fill.center_img 5Stylize the text so that it is white with a black stroke. Set the parameter from metric to optical. 6Draw masks around each text line. 4Set a marker at the end of the first statement. 9 Adjust keyframes so white animates on first, followed by the yellow. 2Apply a ramp and blend with the original.last_img read more

UAAP Wednesday games to push through

first_imgCelebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side LATEST STORIES For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Tropical depression Maring ravaged the Metro since Monday, forcing schools to suspend classes on Tuesday. The NCAA cancelled its Tuesday’s triple header. FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games opening“Maring” is expected to leave the Philippine Area of Responsibility on Wednesday afternoon. Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Nextcenter_img Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Ranidel de Ocampo ‘right fit at right time’ for Meralco Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters The UAAP Season 80 officially opens at Mall of Asia Arena Saturday, September 9. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netDespite the torrential rains, UAAP Season 80 men’s basketball games scheduled on Wednesday at Smart Araneta Coliseum will push through.After their losing their opening day assignments, University of the East and Far Eastern University look for their first win as they clash in the first game at 2 p.m., while University of the Philippines and Ateneo dispute early leadership at 4 p.m.ADVERTISEMENT Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ View commentslast_img read more

CIESAS Evaluation of ALSO

first_imgPosted on December 10, 2010November 13, 2014Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)The following is part of a series of project updates from the Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropologia (CIESAS). MHTF is supporting their project, Evaluation of ALSO Program. More information on MHTF supported projects can be found here.Written by: CIESASIn the last 3 months, the CIESAS team made an important decision in the design of the ALSO evaluation. The evaluation site was changed from the General Hospital in the coastal city of Pochutla, Oaxaca to the much bigger Civil Hospital Dr. Aurelio Valdivieso in the capital city of Oaxaca. CIESAS made this decision because, unlike we were previously told, this latter hospital does meet basic methodological requirements to carry out the evaluation, and it also is the largest hospital with the greatest load of obstetric emergencies throughout the State of Oaxaca.CIESAS hired four field-workers, all of them recent graduates from medical school and trained them in the correct implementation of observation checklists and patients’ interviews, as well as in basic hospital research bioethics. All instruments were designed for this particular evaluation and were tested and reviewed before being fully implemented. Since the end of September, fieldworkers have been rotating during the night and the morning shifts in the ER and in the Ob/Gyn Unit of the Valdivieso Hospital, observing and registering the actual management of obstetric hemorrhage and preeclampsia/eclampsia, as well as observing and registering how Ob/Gyns manage normal hospital deliveries.Share this: ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read:last_img read more

2011 New South Wales Junior State Cup Results

first_imgIn the 18’s Girls division, Penrith started strongly, taking the early lead, before Wagga hit back to trail by just one touchdown. But it was too little too late with Penrith taking the match 7-6. In the 18’s Boys division, Parramatta dominated for the majority of the game, and won convincingly, 7-2. Under 10’s Boys – McCall CupNewcastle City 7 defeated Parramatta 4Player of the Final – Kurt Donohue (Newcastle)Under 12’s Boys – Zabielo CupNewcastle 0 – Orange 0Newcastle and Orange are joint winners of the 12’s Boys division. Player of the Final – Matt Smith (Newcastle)Under 14’s Boys – Yiangou CupRyde Eastwood 5 defeated Penrith 2Under 16’s Boys – Wall CupPeninsula 11 defeated Wests 4Player of the Final – Ben NicholsUnder 18’s Boys – Galea CupParramatta 7 defeated Manly 2Player of the Final – Wesley Sefuiva (Parramatta)Under 18’s Girls – Rose CupPenrith 7 defeated Wagga Wagga 6Player of the Final – Madison Absolum (Wagga Wagga)Under 16’s Girls – Toohey CupNewcastle City 13 defeated Taren Point 4Player of the Final – Lily Goodchild (Newcastle)Under 14’s Girls – Taylor CupManly 11 defeated Newcastle 4Player of the Final – Georgia Toovey (Manly)Under 12’s Girls – Vassallo CupBerkeley Vale 5 defeated Manly Sea Eagles 2Player of the Final – Aliyah Paki (Manly)Under 10’s Girls – Tirado CupManly 13 defeated Ryde 0Player of the Final – Monique Mortimer (Manly)Club ChampionshipsFirst – Manly Sea Eagles Second – Newcastle CityThird – Parramatta Eels Fourth – Penrith PanthersFifth – Wagga WaggaStay tuned to the website for all highlights of the grand finals at the 2011 New South Wales Junior State Cup. For all of the results from the Junior State Cup, please visit the event website:http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=0-857-0-0-0last_img read more

9 months agoSpalletti: Inter Milan in Coppa Italia to win it

first_imgSpalletti: Inter Milan in Coppa Italia to win itby Carlos Volcano9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveInter Milan coach Luciano Spalletti says they’re in the Coppa Italia to win it.Inter meet Benevento in the round of 16 on Sunday.“As we saw last year, these games can hold hidden dangers, but the team is focused and learned from that experience,” said Spalletti.“We have a stronger mentality now and will try to improve it further in this match. Benevento boss Cristian Bucchi has experience now and is very good at setting his team out, so his type of side can cause problems.“We also saw in Cup competitions in England and France that big clubs can be surprised by minnows. Benevento eliminated Udinese in order to get here, so in one-off matches, the gap between teams can be wiped out.”On winning the Coppa, he added: “It is certainly an objective. This is probably the simplest to achieve, because there are fewer games on the way to the Final. Big clubs take part and it’ll be tough, but a side like Inter must aim for victory.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Recent suicide pact has Grassy Narrows trying to move beyond tragedy

first_imgDennis Ward APTN National NewsGrassy Narrows First Nation in Ont., is a community very much in mourning.A recent suicide pact by a group of youth has left a young girl in intesitve care.The tragedy has the community trying to move on.dward@aptn.calast_img

Five things Ohio State fans should take away from Big Ten Media

OSU football coach Urban Meyer answers questions from the media at the 2014 Big Ten Media Days July 29 in Chicago.Credit: Tim Moody / Lantern sports editorIt’s long been understood that championships are not won or lost behind the podium.That being said, there is, however, plenty that fans can glean from what a coach or player might say at events like the Big Ten Media Days, which took place on Monday and Tuesday in Chicago.Here are five things that fans can take away from the comments of the Ohio State representatives who took part in the 2014 Big Ten Media Days.1. The OSU defensive line has historic potentialFollowing breakout seasons from senior defensive lineman Michael Bennett and sophomore defensive lineman Joey Bosa, the OSU defensive front could be one of the best coach Urban Meyer has ever laid his eyes on.“2006 was our best defensive line,” Meyer said, referring back to his time at the University of Florida. “If they all perform and stay healthy, this one could be on that level.”For reference, that 2006 defensive line that Meyer referred to boasted defensive end Jarvis Moss, the 17th overall pick of the 2007 NFL Draft to the Denver Broncos, and defensive end Derrick Harvey, the 8th overall pick of the 2008 NFL Draft to the Jacksonville Jaguars, both of whom helped Florida to beat OSU in the 2007 National Championship Game.If Meyer believes it, Bennett does too.“The fact that coach Meyer said it means that it’s pretty real,” Bennett said following Meyer’s comparison. “But as much as we have the potential to be it, potential doesn’t mean anything if you don’t do it, so we have to keep working.”2. Braxton Miller is the undoubted face of the Buckeyes and has a lot on his mind heading into his final seasonAs if there was any doubt who the most important player on the OSU roster was heading into Monday morning’s press conferences at Big Ten Media Day, Meyer removed all doubt.Without prompting or without a single question tossed his way, Meyer’s first comment addressed his senior quarterback: Braxton Miller.“Our quarterback, I know I’ll get asked that question, is ready to go,” Meyer said. “He’s full-speed, in the best shape of his life.”While Miller may be the face of Big Ten football, having won both the Big Ten offensive player and quarterback of the year the past two seasons, the quarterback feels as if injuries derailed what he believes might have been a Heisman-caliber 2013 season.“It could’ve been a different situation at the end of the season,” Miller said. “I fell off the Heisman radar, injury wise. That’s what happens, you miss a couple of games and your name gets quickly pushed aside.”Health may not necessarily be in his control, but Miller is certainly using last season’s happenings, as well as added talent around him, to push his name back into the national limelight.“I’ve been in the Heisman race the last two years, so I have to take advantage of what we’ve got in front of me this year,” Miller said. “If I’m in the Heisman situation again, hopefully, I get to walk across that podium and accept that award.”Ultimately, however, Miller said that following his tumultuous, four-year career at OSU, rather than being remembered as a Heisman Trophy winner, his goal is more team based.“Being in the situations I overcame as a freshman and sophomore, it’s not easy,” Miller said. “I just want to go out with a nice run this year and be known as a champion.”3. Miller already knows the targets that could elevate him to those Heisman heightsWith the Heisman talk lingering around No. 5, Miller seems to have developed quite the chemistry with a few potential receiving targets, starting with senior tight end Jeff Heuerman.“Them guys is 6’6, 260, man, you know you can’t miss those targets,” Miller said. “They’re a mismatch for any linebacker, any corner, any safety, so I’m going to make sure they get that ball early this year.”While the tight ends seem to be the primary targets for Miller, and therefore for opposing defenders as well, Miller’s favorite wideouts seem to be under-the-radar players who haven’t quite made an impact for the Buckeyes thus far.Miller thinks that some of his receivers will emerge from the bottom of the depth chart and become playmakers for the Buckeyes this fall.“Corey Smith, Mike Thomas, the guys on the outside, ” Miller said. “Those are the guys who are going to make some people like, ‘wow, where have these guys been at?” and it’s going to be fun.”Miller isn’t alone in his belief in his receivers, however.Coach Meyer, long a detractor of the receivers at OSU, finally seems to be confident in the pass-catchers to the outside.“I’ll be disappointed now if the receivers aren’t able to carry their own weight,” Meyer said.4. An unproven offensive line remains a huge concern for the BuckeyesA season after losing four starting offensive linemen, one of whom was a captain, the Buckeyes are searching for answers on the line.In his opening remarks to the media on Monday Meyer made it clear that the protection up-front is alarming.“The offensive line is No. 1,” Meyer said of his concerns heading into the new season. “I was a little disappointed with what happened in the spring. We just didn’t see the growth we would like to see.”If the offensive line is to grow from a weakness to a strength, who will lead the charge?Meyer believes it is the veterans that will ultimately decide the direction of the group.“Chase Farris, Antonio Underwood, Jacoby Boren, the new guy from Alabama Chad Lindsay, Darryl Baldwin… there’s a common theme there,” Meyer said, listing the offensive linemen who’ve yet to make a true impact for the Buckeyes. “They’re all nice players, nice people, who’ve been around for a while and haven’t played, so we have to get something out of them.”5. Despite glaring uncertainty, hope springs eternal for the new OSU pass defenseRanked 112th out of the 125 FBS teams in terms of pass defense, the OSU defensive backfield was a disappointment for the Buckeyes last season, calling for a revamping.Meyer brought in former Arkansas defensive coordinator Chris Ash to oversee the defensive remodeling, and thus far Meyer seemed to be pleased with the complete overhaul.“Chris Ash has done an admirable job installing a brand new pass defense,” Meyer said in his Monday presser. “We completely have blown up and started from scratch an area that we were not very strong in.”Bennett has seen the merits of the move as well, but feels that the play of the defensive backfield is impacted by the defensive front as well.“I feel like we’re a lot more aggressive,” Bennett explained. “The DB’s are a lot more aggressive. The d-line needs to get to the quarterback more or else we’re going hang the DB’s out to dry.”With the new defensive schemes of Ash under wraps and a potentially top-rated defensive line ready to contribute, the defensive backfield may be headed in the right direction, but is still a giant unknown heading into training camp. read more

Ohio State Hback Parris Campbell questionable for game against Iowa

Junior wide receiver Parris Campbell (21) runs the ball downfield during the first quarter of the OSU-Maryland game on Oct. 7. Credit: Ris Twigg | Assistant Photo EditorOhio State redshirt junior H-back Parris Campbell is questionable for Saturday’s game against Iowa, head coach Urban Meyer said at a press conference Wednesday afternoon.Campbell was injured early in the first quarter of Saturday’s 39-38 comeback win against Penn State and did not return to action.“He got dinged on a kickoff return,” Meyer said. “He’s tough as nails, too.”Meyer was asked whether Campbell was in concussion protocol, but said he did not know.Campbell is a starting H-back and has a career-high 29 catches for 410 yards and two touchdowns this season. He is Ohio State’s primary kick returner as he has taken nine kickoffs 329 yards, including an 82-yard return against UNLV.Redshirt sophomore K.J. Hill is listed as a starting H-back as well and walk-on C.J. Saunders played Campbell’s position after the starter was injured Saturday.Campbell has also added five carries for 51 yards and a rushing touchdown.The Buckeyes will kick off at 3:30 p.m. Saturday against the Hawkeyes in Iowa City, Iowa. read more