The British Arctic Expedition, 1875-76

first_imgThe British Arctic Expedition sailed from Portsmouth on 29 May 1875. It left amid considerable public enthusiasm and with a telegram from the Queen. A contemporary journal had this to say: As we hope, so we believe that they will end their northward advance only at the northernmost meeting of the meridians; that they will return in safety to receive well-won applause and reward for their achievements; and that they will have very much to tell of the circum-polar region, as well as of their hoisting the Union Jack upon the Pole, (The Navy, 1875). The tone of the same journal was very different when reporting the return of the expedition in 1876, one year earlier than expected. One of the milder statements in a highly derogatory article read: Verily the expedition of 18756 has but little of which to boast. It went out like a rocket, and has come back like the stick. The validity of such a judgement needs careful examination against the aims and logistics of the expedition, the attitudes of the officers and men, and, most importantly, the actual achievementsand shortcomingsof the voyage.last_img read more

Global politicians wade into RMF debate

first_imgFrederik Willem de Klerk, former President of South Africa, has written a letter to The Times, published yesterday, voicing his opposition to calls for the statue of Cecil Rhodes at Oriel College to be removed. This follows a similar intervention two days ago by former Australian Prime Minister and Rhodes Scholar Tony Abbott into the debate, which gained national and international attention a week ago following Oriel’s receptive response to the movement.Co-founder of Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford Ntokozo Qwabe has also labelled the French flag a “violent symbol” and said he would support a campaign to remove it from universities, telling The Sunday Times, “I would agree with that in the same way that the presence of a Nazi flag would have to be fought against.”Oriel College has recently announced the imminent removal of a plaque honouring the white supremacist colonial and a six-month listening period to determine the fate of the statue.De Klerk, South Africa’s most recent white President, stated, “We do not commemorate historic figures for their ability to measure up to current conceptions of political correctness, but because of their actual impact on history,” The former President, an Afrikaner, who was instrumental in ending racial segregation in South Africa in the 1990s and was succeeded by Nelson Mandela, labelled the Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford movement “a folly”. He went on to say, “My people – the Afrikaners – have greater reason to dislike Rhodes than anyone else. He was the architect of the Anglo-Boer War that had a disastrous impact on our people.“Yet the National Party government never thought of removing his name from our history,” he added, in reference to his former party.The Boer War, in which thousands died, is infamous for Britain’s use of concentration camps against black people and the Dutch-origin Boers, the ancestors of today’s Afrikaners. Tony Abbott, who was Prime Minister of Australia until September of this year, has sought to discourage Oriel strongly from conceding to the student-led movement any further, commenting to The Independent, “Oxford would damage its standing as a great university if it were to substitute moral vanity for fair-minded enquiry. The university and its students should prefer improving today’s orthodoxies to imposing them on our forebears.”  He also remarked, “The University should remember that its mission is not to reflect fashion but to seek truth and that means striving to understand before rushing to judge.“Racism is a dreadful evil but we all know that now… It’s a pity that Rhodes was, in many respects, a man of his times.  We can lament that he failed to oppose unjust features of his society while still celebrating the genius that led to the creation of the Rhodes scholarships.”The Rhodes Must Fall campaign and Qwabe have come under increased scrutiny in the past week in the national press. Having been branded a ‘hypocrite’ by many online commentators, The Sunday Times today brought to national attention Qwabe’s response to last month’s ISIS-affiliated terrorist attacks in Paris made publicly on Facebook, stating, “I refuse to be cornered by white supremacist hashtagism into believing that showing my disgust for the loss of lives in France mandates identifying with a state that has for years terrorised – and continues to terrorise – innocent lives in the name of imperialism, colonialism, and other violent barbarities.“I do NOT stand with France. Not while it continues to terrorise and bomb Afrika [sic] & the Middle East for its imperial interests.”In the Sunday Times article entitled ‘After Rhodes he wants to tear down tricolore’, Qwabe declined to say whether he thought France and ISIS were equally bad, but commented,  “Well, [France] has committed acts of terror in numerous parts of the world” and, “I wouldn’t say French bombs are somehow less significant.”Rhodes Must Fall has published a response to Tony Abbott’s intervention into the debate which is printed in full below: Dear Tony,We read your recent letter, begging Oxford to protect a statue of your old chum, Cecil Rhodes. It was filled with what you call ‘suppositories of wisdom’.This isn’t the first time you’ve trivialised genocide: ‘there was a holocaust of jobs under the opposition, Madame Speaker’. Just an honest mistake, of course.But now you’ve really put your foot in it, Tony. You say removing a statue of old Cecil would lower Oxford’s standing in the world? When the University accepted you, it already did that.Hate to break it to you, Tony, but opposing glorifications of racist mass murderers is not a ‘fashion’. In case you haven’t noticed, we’re not doing this to win a popularity contest. On the other hand, if old Cecil fell, that might look bad for your flailing political career, wouldn’t it, Tony. Very unfashionabe indeed.Apparently fighting racism is no longer virtuous to you because ‘everybody knows it’s wrong’.Here’s the thing, Tony: we think it’s rich of a white former Prime Minister of Australia, a country in which you’re sixteen times more likely to be incarcerated if you’re Aboriginal, to give the world lectures on racial justice. We won’t mention Australia’s own history, Tony, because that would be very, very unfashionable.We now know why you didn’t speak up about violent police killings abroad, or the racial composition of the illegal detention centres you built at home: you’re avoiding the fashion! You’ve been avoiding fashion for a long time, Tony. Time to give it a try.We look forward to hearing more of your opinions, now that you have a bit more time on your hands. Sorry about the whole ouster thing. Don’t worry, being removed from a high position is soon to be in fashion.All our love,Rhodes Must Fall in Oxfordlast_img read more

Bake-a-thon sees Wimbledon chef raise funds for aquarium

first_imgHead pastry chef at Wimbledon Tennis Club, Rebecca Marshman-Rondeau, has carried out a 24-hour bake-a-thon to raise funds for the National Marine Aquarium.Marshman-Rondeau volunteered to bake pastries for NHS staff from 8am on 29 June to 8am on 30 June. Boxes of her cakes, traybakes, cookies and biscuits will be delivered to NHS services, including Great Ormond Street and St Georges Hospital.Baking from home, she is raising funds for the National Marine Aquarium, which has been closed since March because of the coronavirus pandemic. Aquariums are set to reopen from 6 July.“One of the biggest challenges aquariums have faced over the last few months, is the ongoing costs of feeding and maintaining the fish and animals,” said Roger Maslin, CEO of the Ocean Conservation Trust.“Aquariums aren’t just tourist attractions; we also play an important role in ocean conservation, education and research. When closed to the public, the cost of operating the largest aquarium in the UK remains up to £10,000 a day.”To celebrate the reopening, the National Marine Aquarium has kicked off a week of fundraising.Almost 2,000 children from local schools, in partnership with the Connect Academy Trust, are taking part in learning opportunities, including dressing up in blue and green ocean-themed clothes while collecting donations for the aquarium. Each school has an ocean animal mascot, including Hulk the Hairy Hermit Crab, Samson and Delilah the Groupers, and Noodles the Octopus.last_img read more

Twiddle Reveals Lineup For Second Annual Tumble Down

first_imgVermont-based jam quartet Twiddle has announced the second installment of Tumble Down, set to go down July 28 and 29, 2017. The two-day music event will return to the beautiful shores of Lake Champlain at Waterfront Park in Burlington, VT. The all-age festival is set to include two full days of music and the outdoors, leaving room for fans to explore the wonderful town of Burlington and everything it has to offer.With four sets from hosts Twiddle, there will  also be performances from Fruition, Madaila, Aqueous, Midnight North, Lucid, Strange Machines, Holly Bowling, Teddy Midnight, Navytrain, and The Mangroves all along the water.In addition to the many lakeside performances, Tumble Down collaborates with Burlington’s famed Nectar’s to bring a bevy of late night performances! There will be separately ticketed late night shows with Everyone Orchestra, conducted by Matt Butler, and featuring members of Twiddle, Fruition, Midnight North, and Holly Bowling, as well as a very special Mihali and Friends jam with the Gang of Thieves, Lespecial, Backup Planet, and Pitch Black Brass Band.There will even be a Twiddle-inspired art exhibition led by Phanart. The White Light Foundation, a non-profit organization inspired by the band, will again have a positive presence at 2017’s event, supporting local community causes through fundraising and awareness initiatives.Tickets for two-day passes are available right here. See below for the full announcement!last_img read more

Ferrari earnings rise as production bounces back

first_imgMILAN (AP) — Ferrari has reported a 58% jump in fourth-quarter earnings as production and deliveries picked up after the brutal initial lockdown earlier in the 2020 pandemic year. The Italian sports car maker says its fourth-quarter net profit rose to 263 million euros ($316 million) from 219 million euros a year earlier. A rise in shipments partly made up for a seven-week spring shutdown due to Italy’s strict coronavirus lockdown. The company expects a strong rebound in business this year.last_img read more

South Bend earns Municipal Excellence award

first_imgThe City of South Bend received the Gold Award for Municipal Excellence from the National League of Cities Friday, specifically because of its involvement in several partnerships to revitalize the area of South Bend around Notre Dame’s campus, according to a University press release. Tim Sexton, associate vice president of Student Affairs and president of the Northeast Neighborhood Revitalization Organization (NNRO), said the award recognizes more than 10 years of work by South Bend and Notre Dame. “It’s an affirmation of a lot of hard work by a lot of good people,” Sexton said. “It’s also a great recognition for the neighbors [in the Northeast Neighborhood]. It’s shows clearly we are going down the right track.” South Bend Mayor Stephen Luecke received the award in Denver at the annual Congress of Cities and Exposition put on by the League, according to the press release. Marguerite Taylor, who works for Robinson Community Learning Center and lives in the Northeast Neighborhood, represented the University and the Northeast Neighborhood Council. “We are very happy that Notre Dame’s hometown has been so deservedly recognized with this award, and we’re pleased, as well, to have played a role in bringing these initiatives to reality for the well-being of our region as a whole,” University spokesman Dennis Brown said. The award recognized specific efforts between the city and its partners, including the NNRO, Innovation Park, the development and expansion of the Indiana University School of Medicine at South Bend, and plans for a new St. Joseph’s High School, according to the press release. “Each of the projects cited in the award is beneficial in its own right — supporting economic development, retail and entertainment options, health care, housing and education — and are indicative of the University’s ongoing commitment to being a positive force within our community,” Brown said. “When the public and private sectors work together for the common good, great things can and do happen.” Sexton said the cities are categorized by population size, and the winning of such an award is a significant event. “It’s a national award,” Sexton said. “Any time you are recognized nationally, you feel the prestige.” Sexton said he thinks South Bend won the award because it has strong partnerships, which includes its work with Notre Dame. “[The city won because of] focus and collaboration,” he said. “The different funding partners, the residents all coming together. It’s partnership.” Sexton said efforts to improve the Northeast Neighborhood area will continue at least into the next several years, if not beyond. Sixty homes are currently planned for construction near the Robinson Community Learning Center, as well as some rerouting on State Route 23 and plans to continue Eddy Street revitalization south. “There will be a flurry of activity over the next five years,” Sexton said. Brown said University partnership with South Bend is not something new with Innovation Park and the Eddy Street revitalizations. “There is a long history of Notre Dame and South Bend working together — the Center for the Homeless and the Robinson Community Learning Center are two well-known examples — and we certainly have every intention of continuing to collaborate in the future,” he said.last_img read more

Knights of Columbus host dinner to benefit refugees

first_imgThe Notre Dame Knights of Columbus council hosted a dinner to benefit Christian refugees Saturday night, highlighted by the keynote address from Professor Gabriel Said Reynolds on the role of Islam in the persecution of Christians in the Middle East.As the West looks at ongoing developments in the Islamic world, the gravity of Christian persecution is not to be underestimated, Reynolds said.“It seems that genocide is not too strong of a word,” he said.It is crucial, Reynolds said, to understand why these atrocities against Christians are happening in areas where Muslims constitute the majority. “Much of the Christian persecution is taking place in the Islamic world, and it’s not taking place in just one area of the Islamic world,” Reynolds said.Reynolds said it is important to recognize the threat of Islamophobia while also acknowledging the widespread persecution of Christians — not just in one specific place in the Islamic world, but across the world from the Middle East to sub-Saharan Africa to Southeast Asia.“We have an issue that we need to address very clearly and soberly, not in way that invites Islamophobia or Islam-bashing,” he said.In order to explain the current situation, Reynolds discussed important theological concepts involved, saying the complex web of political, economic and other causes that contribute to Christian persecution went beyond the scope of the talk. Therefore, Reynolds said it is vital to understand what Islam says in theory and then address the practical reality.Reynolds said Americans often have a faulty understanding of the Islamic word “sharia,” because it is typically used as if it were a concrete set of laws or specific system. Rather, Reynolds said sharia is a fundamental principle behind the Islamic faith that God has a plan for everything.“Sharia is the divine will for individual humans and for human societies,” Reynolds said.Underneath the concept of sharia, Reynolds said Islam holds three basic tenets: that Islam is a natural religion, that it has comprehensive scope and that is the only true religion.By natural religion, Reynolds said he means Muslims believe Islam is in harmony with human nature and that all humans are born Muslim.“Many converts will say ‘I never converted to Islam, I reverted to Islam,’” he said.Reynolds said the nature of Islam and its many teachings is surprisingly vast for many Christians because it covers nearly every facet of human endeavors, from daily life to broader topics such as politics and science.“Islam will not only teach you how to pray, it will teach you how to dress, how to eat, how to run an economy, how to run affairs of state,” he said.Reynolds said he risks stating the obvious when he claims Muslims believe Islam is the true religion, but it is important to understand how strong and absolute their faith is. In contrast, Reynolds said when he asks his undergraduate theology classes whether or not they believe in Catholicism, many say yes, but add self-conscious explanations that there is truth and good in other religions.“Muslims don’t have this sort of uncomfortable attitude as regards to the truth of their religion,” he said.Under sharia, Reynolds said Jews and Christian are supposed to be offered certain protections and granted a special status as “people of the book,” in contrast to polytheists and atheists.“Because they have been included in the divine book or scripture of revelation that God has spoken to their prophets, they’re close enough to Islam that they can be tolerated in an Islamic state,” Reynolds said.However, Reynolds said this religious tolerance is quite limited, especially in regards to public expressions of faith that are not in accordance with Islam.“Jews and Christians can be tolerated. They have freedom to worship, they can go their churches and their synagogues, they can do their own marriages, they can do their own divorces all of that — but they can’t sow the seeds of discord,” he said.In reality, Reynolds said the implications and consequences of sharia can lead to fundamentalism and ultimately persecution, referencing groups like Boko Haram and ISIS that derive their ideologies from a specific reading of Islam.“The phenomenon that we’re dealing with, with global jihad or Islamism, is exclusively Sunni and never Shi’ite,” Reynolds said.Reynolds said Sunni Islam places a strong emphasis on defending the faith, which is often used as justification to ban public statements or anything considered offensive to Islam. For example, he said it is a capital offense to insult Islam in Pakistan. However, Reynolds said the religious devotion in Islam has positive aspects that Christians should embrace.“This piety often is sort of beautiful. It’s people who love God and find meaning in their religious life,” he said. “They’re obedient to God, maybe in different ways than Catholics. They’re deeply devoted to prayer. Their example of prayer and fasting can be inspiring.”Reynolds concluded his talk by suggesting ways in which Christians in the West can help the persecuted. He encouraged people to donate to organizations, such as the Knights of Columbus, that support refugees. However, Reynolds said it is important that organizations helping the persecuted in the Middle East do not exclusively help Christians.On a personal level, Reynolds said Christians should to get know Muslims, pray for them and love them, in addition to contributing to the new evangelization and focusing on getting young adults more involved in the life of the Church.Tags: Christian refugees, Islam, Knights of Columbus, Muslim, Refugeeslast_img read more

Census: Vermont grows slowly to 625,741 residents

first_imgVermont’s population grew a modest 2.8 percent to 625,741 from 2000 in the recently completed census. The US Census Bureau also announced yesterday that the 2010 Census showed the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2010, was 308,745,538.The resident population represented an increase of 9.7 percent over the2000 US resident population of 281,421,906. Commerce Secretary GaryLocke, Acting Commerce Deputy Secretary Rebecca Blank and Census BureauDirector Robert Groves unveiled the official counts at the National PressClub in Washington, D.C.‘A big thanks to the American public for its overwhelming response tothe 2010 Census,’ U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke said. ‘The result wasa successful count that came in on time and well under budget, with a final2010 Census savings of $1.87 billion.’Rebecca Blank, now Acting Deputy Secretary of Commerce who has overseenthe 2010 Census as Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, echoed Locke. ‘The2010 Census was a massive undertaking, and in reporting these firstresults, we renew our commitment to our great American democracypeacefully, fairly and openly for the 23rd time in our nation’s history.’The US resident population represents the total number of people inthe 50 states and the District of Columbia.The most populous state was California (37,253,956); the least populous,Wyoming (563,626). The state that gained the most numerically since the2000 Census was Texas (up 4,293,741 to 25,145,561) and the state thatgained the most as a percentage of its 2000 Census count was Nevada (up35.1% to 2,700,551).Regionally, the South and the West picked up the bulk of the populationincrease, 14,318,924 and 8,747,621, respectively. But the Northeast and theMidwest also grew: 1,722,862 and 2,534,225.Additionally, Puerto Rico’s resident population was 3,725,789, a 2.2percent decrease over the number counted a decade earlier.Just before today’s announcement, Locke delivered the apportionmentcounts to President Obama, 10 days before the statutory deadline of Dec.31. The apportionment totals were calculated by a congressionally definedformula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U.S. Code, to divide among thestates the 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. Theapportionment population consists of the resident population of the 50states, plus the overseas military and federal civilian employees and theirdependents living with them who could be allocated to a state. Each memberof the House represents, on average, about 710,767 people. The populationsof the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from theapportionment population, as they do not have voting seats in Congress.‘The decennial count has been the basis for our representative form ofgovernment since 1790,’ Groves said. ‘At that time, each member of theHouse represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House has morethan quadrupled in size, with each member now representing about 21 timesas many constituents.’President Obama will transmit the apportionment counts to the 112thCongress during the first week of its first regular session in January. Thereapportioned Congress will be the 113th, which convenes in January 2013.Beginning in February and wrapping up by March 31, 2011, the CensusBureau will release demographic data to the states on a rolling basis sostate governments can start the redistricting process.Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution calls for a census of thenation’s population every 10 years to apportion the House seats among thestates. The 2010 Census is the 23rd census in our nation’s history.For more information about the U.S. Census Bureau, please visit>last_img read more

My Blue Ridge

first_imgI grew up on the back of a horse.At the age of two, I had my own pony. By age 10 I was riding with the other northern Virginia gals in the local Pony Club chapter. By age 14, though, I had abandoned my non-existent competitive spirit. Instead, I took to riding solo through the 400 acres of forested fields that bordered my family’s one-level ranch house. I had no neighbors to speak of, an older brother who was less-than-enthused about digging up old medicine bottles and building forts (unless they were snow forts, that is), and a dangerous, sometimes stubbornly persistent, sense of curiosity.SCN_00181511745_10203655252603258_41938979135553683_o (1)There’s no question in my mind that those early memories have only fueled my present desire to explore, my thirst for adventure, and my passion for the great outdoors. I feel so fortunate to have grown up in the Blue Ridge Mountains surrounded by ancient landscapes and people who say “folks” and “y’all,” the kind that drink gallons of sweet tea and sit on front porches listening to the wind. Sure, the mountains of the West are undoubtedly epic, foreign even to a small town girl like me. But there is something about this area, these hills, these people, that will remain forever ingrained in my being.When I think of finishing the sentence, “My Blue Ridge is…” I think of those long summer afternoons spent riding bareback through empty hayfields. I think of dirt on my face, poison ivy in places it shouldn’t be, scraped knees, and bee stings. I think of the bamboo forest in our backyard, the tops of which would bow over after a heavy snow, creating a hiding place, a secret labyrinth for my adolescent wanderings. I think of the family of foxes that denned every year behind our barn, of standing on the banks of the Shenandoah River, of the dusty film that coated the inside of my air condition-less car after a Sunday drive down backroads. I think of bonfires with friends, fireflies in the night, and the distant cooing of Mourning Doves outside my bedroom window.IMG_1638This is what my Blue Ridge is. Despite the fact that I have seen and explored much more of this world in my adult life, when I think of the Blue Ridge, when I think of home, this is what I see.In celebration of the magazine’s 20th anniversary, we have launched a site dedicated to what you, our readers, see when you think of the words “my Blue Ridge.” To finish the sentence “My Blue Ridge is…” with one word, one phrase even, would simply not do these mountains justice.Help us paint a portrait of this region by contributing your voice, your images, and your tales of adventures in these hills. You can do this by sending in your story through our contact form, in a comment below, or by using the hashtag #myblueridge on Instagram and Twitter. If you submit a story, you’ll be entered to win the ultimate B.R.O. swag bag at the end of the year!last_img read more