Tariffs could be disastrous for agriculture

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest In a state whose biggest agricultural export is soybeans, growers of the crop perhaps should be leery.Tariffs on imported aluminum and steel, which President Trump imposed March 8 could have disastrous consequences, particularly for soybean farmers, according to an agricultural economist with The Ohio State University.The tariffs of 25% on steel and 10% on aluminum could cause other countries to retaliate by setting tariffs on U.S. goods they import, including soybeans, which are Ohio’s top agricultural export, said Ian Sheldon, who serves as the Andersons Chair in Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Policy with the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).If that happens, that could further drive down the price of soybeans in the world market and the income Ohio farmers are earning on their soybeans, Sheldon said.Here’s why. Although China is not the largest source of U.S. steel imports, the country has contributed to global overcapacity in steel production, driving down the world price. It also buys many soybeans from the United States. So, a steel tariff might lead China to penalize the United States with tariffs on American imports. That would make it more expensive for the Chinese to purchase American imports, including soybeans. And the demand for U.S. soybeans in China has been strong in recent years, fueled by the growing demand for meat in the Chinese diet and soybean meal to feed those livestock.But if China retaliates with a tariff on U.S. soybeans, that could reduce the demand for soybeans from the United States and drive down the price, Sheldon said.“This is a big deal,” he said. “There could be a lot of unintended consequences that I don’t think have really been thought through by the administration.”In 2016, soybeans were Ohio’s most important agricultural export, totaling $1.4 million, and China is the top market for Ohio’s agricultural exports. About 40% of Ohio’s total agricultural exports are sold to China, according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.“So it’s reasonable to argue China is Ohio’s most important soybean export market,” Sheldon said.Besides affecting soybean prices, the tariffs would cause the price of machinery to rise in the United States when the cost of steel and aluminum, the majority of which is imported, goes up with the planned tariffs, Sheldon pointed out. Any industry that consumes steel or aluminum will have to pay higher prices to make its products, and will likely pass those higher prices onto consumers and potentially cut jobs to stay profitable, he said.Proponents of the tariffs have argued that the tariffs will help resurrect jobs in America’s diminishing shrinking steel and aluminum industries.But, Sheldon pointed out, for every job in steel or aluminum the United States regains as a result of the tariffs, it will lose five to eight jobs in other industries that consume those metals.“If the U.S. is inefficient at producing steel or aluminum, compared to other countries, we shouldn’t necessarily be directing resources toward those industries,” Sheldon said.For years, China has produced steel primarily through government-subsidized businesses, which enabled it to produce a lot inexpensively. Chinese steel is now being diverted to the world market, giving it an unfair trade advantage, Sheldon said.But instead of imposing tariffs on steel and aluminum, the Trump administration has the option of going to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and making a case against China for unfair trade practices, Sheldon said.The role of the WTO is to encourage trade among countries and settle disputes when unfair trade is alleged to avoid all-out trade wars in which countries keep raising tariffs to shut out foreign products.“I really worry about this undermining the WTO,” Sheldon said. “If we have a trade war, that would lower national income and lead to job losses. It could even start a global recession.”The Trump administration, which originally called for tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from all countries, recently softened its stance a bit, making exceptions for Canadian, Mexican, and Australian imports. Canada is the biggest supplier of U.S. steel and aluminum, and Mexico also is a significant steel supplier to the United States.However, making exceptions for any countries is likely to result in the United States being found in violation of WTO rules, Sheldon said.“You can’t pick out some countries to target and then not others,” he said.Sheldon and colleagues in CFAES and across Ohio State are in the midst of a National Science Foundation-funded study in which they’re developing models of the Great Lakes region to simulate the effects of various trade scenarios on producers, consumers and the environment.For more information on Sheldon’s research, visit aede.osu.edu/research/andersons-program.last_img read more

Womens gymnastics Meredith Paulicivic hired as new head coach

After serving as assistant coach for the University of Utah’s women’s gymnastics program, Meredith Paulicivic will now take the reins of Ohio State’s team, the university announced Tuesday.The hiring of Paulicivic comes nearly a month after former women’s gymnastics head coach Carey Fagan was promoted to assistant athletics director for OSU.“I am thrilled to be named head coach at The Ohio State University,” Paulicivic said in a statement. “It’s a prestigious honor to lead this program and opportunities like this do not come around often.”Paulicivic helped lead the Utes to a Pac-12 team championship in 2017 and fifth-place finish in the NCAA championships. She served as the primary vault coach while at Utah.Prior to her time with Utah, she was the assistant coach at Arizona in 2015 and served as a head coach of a club program in the Southern California Elite Gym from 2007-2014, and assistant coach from 1997-2006. While coaching at SCEGA, she coached Rachel Tidd, a three-year U.S. National Team member and won a bronze medal with the U.S. World Championships team in 2001.During her playing career at Utah, she was a three-time on vault All-American. She competed for a pair of Utah NCAA championship-winning teams in 1992 and 1994. read more

Danilo hoping City will not slip up in title race

first_imgDanilo shared his delight at opening his account for the season away at Huddersfield to help Manchester City to a 3-0 win.The Brazilian’s first-half strike set the tempo for the Blues 3-0 win at the John Smith’s Stadium to reduce the gap at the top of the table to four pointsAnd he said he and his City team-mates were determined to not to slip up in the battle to retain their Premier League crown.“I’m happy for sure to score. I’m very happy to help the team and we have to keep going that way to try and win the league,” said the Brazilian full-back via the club’s website.Official: Danilo leaves City to join Juventus Manuel R. Medina – August 7, 2019 Brazilian defender Danilo has joined the Bianconeri for the next five years after an exchange of money and defender Joao Cancelo.“We are happy as we won the game it was not easy and we have to keep going that way.“If we want to win the Premier League, we have to win every week – we have to do our job and at the end of the season we will see.”First #PL goal of the season for Danilo 💥#HUDMCI pic.twitter.com/1aV9xcaaKo— Premier League (@premierleague) January 20, 2019last_img read more

Comerford Breaks Another American Record Worrell Dahlia is Top Qualifier at SC

first_imgKelsi Worrell Dahlia was the top qualifier after the semi-finals in the 100 butterfly with a time of 55.09, which was four- tenth of a second off of the World Record. Dahlia’s first 50 split was 25.80 and she beat the field in her heat by a full second. It was a busy night for Comerford, who also moved into the finals as the fourth fastest qualifier in the 50 freestyle with a semfinal time of 23.83. Mallory Comerford split 1:53.00 in the 4 x 200 Free Relay as the Americans won silver with a time of 7:35.30. The US foursome shattered the American Record by more than three seconds with splits  Leah Smith (1:55.85) Comerford,  Melanie Margalis (1:53.59), and an blazing fast anchor from Erika Brown of 1:52.86 as the Americans dueled the Chinese right to the wall. China won gold with an Asian record  time of 7:34.08. University of Louisville swimmer Mallory Comerford won silver, shattered another American recordand qualified for another final on Day 5 of the Short Course World Championships in Hangzhou, China.center_img Story Links In other performances by Cardinals, UofL’s Marcelo Acosta went 14:45.78 in the prelims of the 1500M freestyle, swimming for his native El Salvador. Venezuelan Cardinal Carlos Claverie went 27.37 in the prelims of the 50M breaststroke. Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

Do cell phones cause cancer in humans

first_imgA recent US study claiming that radio-frequency radiation emitted by cell phones causes cancer in rats does not apply to humans, according to experts. There is “clear evidence” that male rats exposed to high levels of radio frequency radiation (RFR) like that used in cell phones developed cancerous heart tumours, the study had concluded. The USD 30 million study by the US National Toxicology Program (NTP) that took 10 years to complete also showed “some evidence” of tumours in the brain and adrenal gland of exposed male rats. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFollowing the report, some NGOs and scientists propose that the WHO’s Inter Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) must upgrade the present Group 2B (possible human carcinogen) classification of RF radiation to Group1 (human carcinogen). But specialist agencies have asserted that the finding does not apply to humans. The International Commission on Non Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), published a note categorically stating the study does not provide any actionable input to change the currently existing safety guidelines for RFR. It may be mentioned here that India’s safety guidelines for RFR are only 10 per cent of the ICNIRP values. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”For female rats, and male and female mice, the evidence was ‘equivocal’ as to whether cancers observed were associated with exposure to radio-frequency radiation,” a statement from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences said. “We believe that the link between radio frequency radiation and tumours in male rats is real, and the external experts agreed,” senior NTP scientist John Bucher said. However, he conceded that one could not compare the exposures used in the studies directly with the exposure that humans experience when using a cell phone. On the limitations of the study, he said, “In our studies, rats and mice received radio frequency radiation across their whole bodies. By contrast, people are mostly exposed in specific local tissues close to where they hold the phone. In addition, the exposure levels and durations in our studies were greater than what people experience.” The FDA’s mandate is to ensure that cell phones and any radiation emitting electronic product are safe for the public to use. Shuren assured the public that “we only begin to observe effects to animal tissue at exposures that are 50 times higher than the current whole body safety limits set up by the Federal Communication Commission for radio frequency energy exposure”. He referred to the unusual findings in the study: the rats exposed to whole body radio frequency energy lived longer than rats that were not exposed to any radiation (control group); only male rats exposed to the highest radiofrequency energy dosage developed a statistically significant number of heart schwannomas, which are very rare in humans, when compared to the control group in this experiment. He disagreed with the NTP’s finding of clear evidence for heart schwannomas. There was a lack of a clear relationship between the doses of radiation administered to the animals and their subsequent tumour rate. “The study was a huge fishing expedition that looked at many tissues and did not correct for multiple comparison issues. Consequently the results (increase in one rare tumour type in male but not female rats, and not in mice of either sex) may be statistical flukes,” Ken Foster, professor bioengineering at the University of Pennsylvania, told this writer. He also felt that, as the exposures to the animals were very high, their body temperature increased, so there may have been some level of heat stress. “So if there is a real effect it may well be due to heating,” he cautioned. Will NTP study trigger a revision of IARC’s classification of RFR? “I am skeptical that IARC would consider the totality of evidence changed sufficient to have another assessment by the working group,” he replied.last_img read more